China is the home of tea. Tea planting, tea making and tea drinking all originated in China. Tea originated in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau with Dalou Mountain as the center, and then spread to Shu. When King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty attacked the Zhou Dynasty, all the barbarians in the southwest conquered, and the Shu people brought tea to the Central Plains. "Shennong Herbal Classic" contains "Shennong tastes all kinds of herbs, 72 poisons a day, get rid of them in full swing". Post-tea has been discovered and utilized by human beings. The use of tea was originally in the primitive wild collection activities. Lu Yu first explored the origin of tea in his Tea Classic. He believed that according to the Shennong Herbal Classic, "long-term tea clothes make people feel energetic and happy" and "Shennong tastes all kinds of herbs, encounters twelve poisons every day, and gets rid of them in full swing." Tea business should begin in Shennong, and there is a big controversy about this view. Academic circles agree that tea production began in Sichuan. Chang Bing of the Eastern Jin Dynasty recorded in Huayang Guozhi Bazhi that a large number of tea plants were planted in Bashu area during the Han Dynasty, and even tea was offered as a tribute to Chang'an, capital of the Western Han Dynasty. After Qin and Han Dynasties, tea began to spread to the outside world.
Origin of Chinese Tea Culture
There are different opinions on the origin of tea culture. Although Lu Yu's argument about the origin of tea is controversial, one of the weak messages shows that in primitive society, people paid more attention to the medicinal use of tea in the long-term eating process, but did not produce culture. Some scholars believe that tea as a culture rather than simply drinking should be counted from the Western Han Dynasty. The records in Wang Bao's Dayue of "making tea with all its features" and "buying tea in Wuyang" fully prove the existence of tea market and the formation of tea drinking custom in the Western Han Dynasty. Jigulu put forward that tea culture originated in Wei and Jin Dynasties, and famous officials in Wei and Jin Dynasties enjoyed themselves by drinking tea in mountains and rivers, thus forming a famous official culture of tea. At the same time, with the rise of black tea drinking by literati, poetry and song Fu about tea are coming out day by day. Tea has broken away from the general form of diet and entered the cultural circle, playing a certain spiritual and social role.
Origin of Chinese Tea Culture
As for the origin of the word "tea", according to the relevant documents such as the Book of Songs, in the early period of history, "tea" refers to all kinds of bitter wild plant food, while the independent word "tea" came into being only after the discovery of the medicinal and drinking value of tea. In the historical era of the integration of food and medicine, it is easy to discover the medicinal effects of tea plants such as thirst quenching, refreshing spirit, digestion, peptic, convenience and so on. However, from medicinal decoction to daily beverage, there must be a specific need in people's real life. The deep interior of Bashu area, surrounded by low-lying terrain and mountains, has always been a disease and plague-prone area. Therefore, make the Bashu people take "fried tea" first to remove peptic gas and detoxify. The long-term use of tea led to the gradual disappearance of the medicinal value of tea, which became a daily drink. Tea is transformed from medicine to daily beverage. Strict meaning of "tea" comes into being. The typical sign is the appearance of "cha" sound. But the word "tea" appeared with the development of tea business and the increasing frequency of commercial activities.
At present, the specific origin of tea culture still needs to be studied, but it is undeniable that the development of tea culture in China has a very long history. At present, the historical development of tea culture began in Wei and Jin Dynasties. During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Southern Dynasties, the system of door and valve had been formed. Not only did emperors and nobles gather and become popular, but ordinary officials and even scholars took pride in boasting and fighting for wealth. In this case, some people of insight raised the issue of "honesty". Thus, there appeared Lu Na and Huanwen's act of replacing wine with tea. Emperor Zuwu of the Southern Qi Dynasty was a relatively enlightened emperor. He did not like banquets. He made decrees before he died. He said that after his death, he should try to be frugal, not sacrifice three animals. He could only put some dry rice, fruit cake and tea rice. And to "the world is noble and humble, salt with this system." In Luna, Huanwen and Emperor Qiwu, drinking tea is not only to refresh and quench thirst, but also to produce social functions. It has become a means of entertaining guests with tea, offering sacrifices and expressing a spirit and sentiment. Drinking tea is not only used by people for its natural use value, but also entered the spiritual field. It has remarkable social and cultural functions. Chinese tea culture is beginning to emerge.
Origin of Chinese Tea Culture
Tang Dynasty is a relatively prosperous Dynasty in history. The formation of tea culture in Tang Dynasty has a close relationship with the rise of Zen. According to the records of Fengshi Wen Jian Ji, "In Kaiyuan period, there were demon-lowering Zen masters in Lingyan Temple of Mount Taishan, and Daxing Zen religion. Buddhist monks are not sleeping, and they eat too late. They are allowed to drink tea. They boil and drink everywhere. From then on, it became a custom to imitate it. Because tea has the functions of refreshing, stimulating and thirst quenching, the temple advocates drinking tea, planting tea trees around the temple, formulating tea ceremony, setting up tea halls, selecting tea heads, and presenting special tea events. Tea Saint Lu Yu and some contemporary literati all attached great importance to the spiritual enjoyment and moral norms of tea drinking, and paid great attention to tea drinking utensils and the art of tea boiling, from which Chinese tea art came into being. Lu Yu's Tea Classic systematically summarized the experience of tea production and drinking in Tang Dynasty and before, and put forward the spirit of practicing thrifty and virtuous tea ceremony. It summarizes the natural and humanistic contents of tea, explores the art of tea drinking, integrates Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism into tea drinking, and pioneers the spirit of Chinese tea ceremony. It can be said that Lu Yu wrote Tea Classic in 780 AD, which is the symbol of the formation of tea culture in Tang Dynasty. After that, a large number of tea books and tea poems appeared, such as "Tea Story", "Record of Fried Tea Water", "Record of Tea Collection", "Record of Tea Collection", "Record of Tea Collection", "Record of Tea Collection", "Record of Tea Collection"